2020 Gay Travel Index: Where is Mexico? Spartacus Gay Travel Guide publishes the Gay Travel Index every year since 2012. The index measures the legal situation and living conditions for members of the queer community in the respective country. The index consists of 17 categories at present, ranging from gay marriage to death penalty for gays. The index attempts at finding a balance between measuring the rights of the local LGBTIQ community and considering the demands of queer holidaymakers. Mexico is listed at number #49 of 202 countries and the United States is #31. Canada is listed at number #1.
Why is Mexico a top rated LGBTQ travel destination. Here is the recent timeline.
1971: The Homosexual Liberation Front (Frente de Liberación Homosexual), one of the first LGBT groups in Latin America, was organized in response to the firing of a Sears employee because of his (allegedly) homosexual orientation.
1979: The country’s first LGBT pride parade was held in Mexico City.
1982: Max Mejía, Pedro Preciado, and Claudia Hinojosa became the first openly gay politicians to run unsuccessfully for seats in the Congress of Mexico.
1991: Mexico hosted a meeting of the International Gay and Lesbian Association, the first meeting of the association outside Europe.
1997: Patria Jiménez, a lesbian activist, was selected for proportional representation in the Chamber of Deputies of Mexico, representing the left-wing Party of the Democratic Revolution.
1999: (August): The first meeting of lesbians and lesbian feminists was held in Mexico City. From this meeting, evolved an organized effort for expanded LGBT rights in the nation’s capital.
(2 September): Mexico City passed an ordinance banning discrimination based on sexual orientation, the first of its kind in the country.
2000: Enoé Uranga, an openly lesbian politician, proposed a bill that would have legalized civil unions in Mexico City. The local Legislature, however, decided not to enact the bill after widespread opposition from right-wing groups.
2003: (29 April): A federal anti-discrimination law was passed and a national council was immediately created to enforce it.
(July): Amaranta Gómez became the first transgender woman to run unsuccessfully for a seat in the Congress of Mexico.
2004: (13 March): Amendments to the Mexico City Civil Code that allow transgender people to change the gender and name on their birth certificates took effect.
2006: (9 November): Mexico City legalized same-sex civil unions.
2007: (11 January): The northern state of Coahuila legalized same-sex civil unions.
(31 January): The nation’s first same-sex civil union ceremony was performed in Saltillo, Coahuila.
2008: (September): The Mexico City Legislative Assembly passed a law, making it easier for transgender people to change their gender on their birth certificates.
Gay-rights parade float with Aztec eagle-warrior theme
Float with Aztec Eagle Warrior theme at the 2009 LGBT Pride parade in Mexico City
2009: (March): Miguel Galán, from the defunct Social Democratic Party, became the first openly gay politician to run unsuccessfully for mayor in the country.
(21 December): Mexico City’s Legislative Assembly passed a bill legalizing same-sex marriage, adoption by same-sex couples, loan applications by same-sex couples, inheritance from a same-sex partner, and the sharing of insurance policies by same-sex couples. Eight days later, Mayor Marcelo Ebrard signed the bill into law.
2010: (4 March): The same-sex marriage law took effect in Mexico City.
(5 August): The Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation, the highest federal court in the country, voted 9–2 to uphold the constitutionality of Mexico City’s same-sex marriage reform. Four days later, it upheld the city’s adoption law.
2011: (June): The Constitution of Mexico was amended to prohibit discrimination based on, among other factors, sexual orientation.
(24 November): The Coahuila Supreme Court struck down the state’s law barring same-sex couples from adopting, urging the state’s Legislature to amend the adoption law as soon as possible.
(28 November): Two same-sex couples were married in Kantunilkín, Quintana Roo, after discovering that Quintana Roo’s Civil Code does not specify gender requirements for marriage.